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Would be a great addition to the MAN CAVE, MOM CAVE, KITCHEN, DINING ROOM, RESTAURANT, BAR, MUSEUM, CABIN, OFFICE, BAR, GARAGE, BOAT or DESKTOP. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Quebec, Canada. For other uses, see Montreal (disambiguation). Clockwise from top: Downtown Montreal.
As seen from the Champlain Bridge. Featuring the Montreal Clock Tower. And the Jacques Cartier Bridge. During the Montreal Fireworks Festival.
A view of the Notre-Dame Basilica. "La Ville au Cent Clochers". (The City of a Hundred Steeples).
Location of Montreal in Quebec. Is a city in the Canadian. It is the largest city in the province, the second-largest. It is named after Mount Royal. The triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city.
The city is on the Island of Montreal. Which took its name from the same source as the city.
And a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Ãle Bizard. In 2011 the city had a population of 1,649,519. (CMA) land area 4,259 square kilometres (1,644 sq mi) had a population of 3,824,221. And a population of 1,886,481 in the urban agglomeration.
All of the municipalities on the Island of Montreal included. Current 2014 estimates of the CMA place the metropolitan area of Montreal at 4.1 million. French is the city's official language. And is the language spoken at home, as Quebec French. By 56.9% of the population of the city, followed by English.
At 18.6% and 19.8% other languages (in the 2006 census). In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area. 67.9% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 16.5% who speak English.
Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada with 56% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second largest primarily French-speaking city in the world, after Paris. Montreal was named a UNESCO.
Historically the commercial capital of Canada, it was surpassed in population and economic strength by Toronto. It remains an important centre of commerce, aerospace. Technology, design, culture, tourism, gaming, film and world affairs. It is ranked 16th out of 140 cities in The Economist Intelligence Unit. In 2009, Montreal was named North America's leading host city for international association events, according to the 2009 preliminary rankings of the International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA).
In 2015, QS World University Rankings ranked Montreal the 8th-best place in the world to be a university student. (Mont Royal in modern French), but Cartier's 1535 diary entry, naming the mountain, refers to "le mont Royal". Another argument, mentioned by the Government of Canada. On its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, "Monte Real". Main article: History of Montreal.
See also: Timeline of Montreal history. Evidence demonstrates that First Nations. Native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago.By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified. An ethnicity distinct from the Iroquois. Then based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga. At the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century. The French explorer Jacques Cartier.
Visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, and estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Seventy years later, the French explorer Samuel de Champlain.
Reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley. This is believed due to outmigration, epidemic of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur. On the Island of Montreal. On a site initially named La Place Royale.
At the confluence of Petite RiviÃ¨re and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-Ã -CalliÃ¨re.To establish a Roman Catholic mission. Hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve. Then 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury. The colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, and arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal island, with Maisonneuve. The settlement included a chapel and a hospital, under the command of Jeanne Mance. By 1643, Ville-Marie had already been hit by Iroquois raids. In the spring of 1651, the Iroquois attacks became so frequent and so violent that Ville-Marie thought its end had come. Maisonneuve made all the settlers take refuge in the fort.
By 1652, the colony at Montreal had been so reduced that he was forced to return to France to raise 100 volunteers to go with him to the colony the following year. If the effort had failed, Montreal was to be abandoned and the survivors re-located downriver to Quebec City. Before these 100 arrived in the fall of 1653, the population of Montreal was barely 50 people. By 1685, Ville-Marie was home to some 600 colonists, most of them living in modest wooden houses. Ville-Marie became a centre for the fur trade.
And a base for further French exploration. In 1689, the English-allied Iroquois attacked Lachine.On the Island of Montreal, committing the worst massacre in the history of New France. By the early 18th century, the Sulpician Order.
To encourage French settlement, they wanted the Mohawk to move away from the fur trading post at Ville-Marie. They had a mission village, known as Kahnewake. South of the St Lawrence River. The fathers persuaded some Mohawk to make a new settlement at their former hunting grounds north of the Ottawa River. In 1745 several Mohawk families moved upriver to create another settlement, known as Akwesasne.All three are now Mohawk reserves in Canada. The Canadian territory was ruled as a French colony until 1760, when it was surrendered to Great Britain after the Seven Years' War. Ville-Marie was the name for the settlement that appeared in all official documents until 1705, when Montreal appeared for the first time, although people referred to the "Island of Montreal" long before then.
Montreal was incorporated as a city in 1832. The opening of the Lachine Canal. Permitted ships to bypass the unnavigable Lachine Rapids. While the construction of the Victoria Bridge.
Established Montreal as a major railway hub. The leaders of Montreal's business community had started to build their homes in the Golden Square Mile. By 1860, it was the largest municipality in British North America. And the undisputed economic and cultural centre of Canada. The Montreal Harbour in 1889.
Montreal was the capital of the Province of Canada. From 1844 to 1849, but lost its status when a Tory. Mob burnt down the Parliament building. To protest the passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill.For strategic reasons, the government established Ottawa. As the capital, as it was located more in the interior of the nation. Was set up at Immigration Hall in Montreal from August 1914 to November 1918. After World War I, the prohibition. Movement in the United States led to Montreal becoming a destination for Americans looking for alcohol. Unemployment remained high in the city, and was exacerbated by the Stock Market Crash of 1929. During World War II, Mayor Camillien Houde.
And urged Montrealers to disobey the federal government's. Registry of all men and women.Was furious over Houde's stand and held him at a prison camp until 1944. That year the government decided to institute conscription to be able to expand the armed forces. See Conscription Crisis of 1944. Montreal was the official residence of the Luxembourg.
Royal family in exile during World War II. By 1951, Montreal's population had surpassed one million. Opened in 1959, allowing vessels to bypass Montreal.
In time this development led to the end of the city's economic dominance as businesses moved to other areas. During the 1960s there was continued growth, including the World's Fair known as Expo 67. And the construction of Canada's tallest skyscrapers, new expressways and the subway system known as the Montreal Metro.
The 1970s ushered in a period of wide-ranging social and political changes, stemming largely from the concerns of the French-speaking. Majority about the conservation of their culture and language, given the traditional predominance of the English-Canadian. Minority in the business arena. Supporting sovereign status for Quebec, resulted in the departure of many businesses and people from the city.
In 1976, Montreal was the host of the Olympics. During the 1980s and early 1990s, Montreal experienced a slower rate of economic growth than many other major Canadian cities. With the 27 surrounding municipalities on the Island of Montreal.On January 1, 2002, creating a unified city covering the entire island. As expected, this move proved unpopular and several mergers were later rescinded. Several former municipalities, totaling 13% of the population of the island, voted to leave the unified city in separate referendums. The demerger took place on January 1, 2006, leaving 15 municipalities on the island, including Montreal. The 2002 mergers were not the first in the city's history. Montreal annexed 27 other cities, towns, and villages beginning with Hochelaga. In 1883 with the last prior to 2002 being Pointe-aux-Trembles. The 21st century has brought with it a revival of the city's economic and cultural landscape. And McGill University Health Centre. , the creation of the Quartier des Spectacles. Reconstruction of the Turcot Interchange. Reconfiguration of the Decarie and Dorval interchanges, gentrification of Griffintown. The completion of Quebec Autoroute 30. And the construction of a new toll bridge to Laval are helping Montreal continue to grow; Although politics and language issues still weigh heavily on any real economic growth considering the austerity measures that need to be put in place due to bad policies undertaken during the late 1970s and early 1980s and again in the mid 1990s to late 90s on a provincial level and decades of corruption from the Municipal level.
Main article: Geography of Montreal. Montreal is in the southwest of the province of Quebec. The city covers most of the Island of Montreal. At the confluence of the Saint Lawrence.The port of Montreal lies at one end of the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The river gateway that stretches from the Great Lakes. Montreal is defined by its location between the Saint Lawrence river to its south and the RiviÃ¨re des Prairies. The city is named after the most prominent geographical feature on the island, a three-head hill called Mount Royal, topped at 232 m above sea level. Montreal is at the centre of the Montreal Metropolitan Community. And is bordered by the city of Laval. And other municipalities to the south, Repentigny. To the east and the West Island. The Town of Mount Royal.
Are all surrounded by Montreal. Main article: Architecture of Montreal. View of the Basilica from Place d'Armes. Italianate, 2nd Empire Homes on Saint Louis Square in Le Plateau-Mont-Royal. And a half, Montreal was the industrial and financial centre of Canada.
The variety of buildings included factories, elevators. Which today provide a legacy of historic and architectural interest, especially in the downtown area and the Old Port area. There are 50 National Historic Sites of Canada. More than any other city.
Olympic Stadium, seen next to the Montreal Botanical Garden. And the impressive 19thâcentury headquarters of all major Canadian banks on St.Completed in 1967, Ernest Cormier. Main building, the landmark Place Ville Marie. Office tower, the controversial Olympic Stadium. And surrounding structures, are but a few notable examples of 20th-century architecture. Pavilions designed for the 1967 International and Universal Exposition, popularly known as Expo 67. Featured a wide range of architectural designs. Though most pavilions were temporary structures, several have become landmarks, including the geodesic dome. Pavilion, now the Montreal Biosphere. Has public artwork by some of the biggest names in Quebec culture.
In 2006 Montreal was named a UNESCO. City of Design, only one of three design capitals of the world the others being Berlin and Buenos Aires.
This distinguished title recognizes Montreal's design community. Since 2005 the city has been home for the International Council of Graphic Design Associations. The International Design Alliance (IDA). (officially RÃSO or La Ville Souterraine in French) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around Downtown.
Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Montreal. A view of Saint Catherine Street.
Entrance gate to Montreal's Chinatown. The city is composed of 19 large boroughs.
In the northwest; and Lachine. Many of these boroughs were previously independent cities that merged with Montreal in January 2002 following the 2002 Municipal Reorganization of Montreal. The borough with the most neighbourhoods is Ville-Marie, which includes downtown.The historical district of Old Montreal. The recently gentrified Quartier international. As well as the Quartier des Spectacles.
Which is currently under development. Other neighbourhoods of interest in the borough include the affluent Golden Square Mile. Neighbourhood at the foot of Mount Royal. Area home to thousands of students at Concordia University. The borough also comprises most of Mount Royal Park.Mont-Royal borough has historically been a working-class francophone area. The largest neighbourhood is the Plateau. (not to be confused with the whole borough), which is currently undergoing considerable gentrification. And a 2001 study deemed it as Canada's most creative neighbourhood because artists comprise 8% of its labour force. The neighbourhood of Mile End. In the northwestern part of the borough, has historically been a very multicultural area of the city, and features two of Montreal's well-known bagel establishments. Is in the extreme southwestern portion of the borough, its name being derived from the fact that it is home to thousands of McGill University. The Sud-Ouest borough was home to much of the city's industry during the late 19th and early-to-mid 20th century. The borough historically included Goose Village. And is home to the traditionally working-class Irish. As well as the low-income neighbourhoods of Saint-Henri. Other notable neighbourhoods include the multicultural areas of Notre-Dame-de-GrÃ¢ce. In the CÃ´te-des-NeigesâNotre-Dame-de-GrÃ¢ce borough, and Little Italy. In the borough of RosemontâLa Petite-Patrie and Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.
Home of the Olympic Stadium. In the borough of MercierâHochelaga-Maisonneuve. Place d'Armes, Pointe-Ã -CalliÃ¨re Museum. And the Montreal Science Centre.
Architecture and cobbled streets in Old Montreal have been maintained or restored and are frequented by horse-drawn calÃ¨ches. Old Montreal is accessible from the downtown core via the underground city. And is served by several STM.
Bus routes and Metro stations, ferries to the South Shore and a network of bicycle paths. The riverside area adjacent to Old Montreal is known as the Old Port. The Old Port was the former site of the worldwide Port of Montreal. The new Port of Montreal. Is now Canada's largest container port and the largest inland port on Earth.
Beaver Lake on Mount Royal. General view of the city of Montreal taken from the promontory of Mount Royal. The mountain is the site of Mount Royal Park (French: Parc du Mont-Royal), one of Montreal's largest greenspaces. The park, most of which is wooded, was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted.
Who also designed New York's Central Park. The park contains two belvederes. The more prominent of which is the Kondiaronk Belvedere, a semicircular plaza with a chalet. Other features of the park are Beaver Lake, a small man-made lake, a short ski. Smith House, an interpretive centre.
And a well-known monument to Sir George-Ãtienne Cartier. The park hosts athletic, tourist and cultural activities. The mountain is home to two major cemeteries, Notre-Dame-des-Neiges (founded in 1854) and Mount Royal (1852). Is a 165 acres (67 ha) terraced cemetery on the north slope of Mount Royal in the borough of Outremont. Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery.Is much larger, predominantly French-Canadian and officially Catholic. More than 900,000 people are buried there. Mount Royal Cemetery contains more than 162,000 graves and is the final resting place for a number of notable Canadians.
It includes a veterans section with several soldiers who were awarded the British Empire. S highest military honour, the Victoria Cross.
In 1901 the Mount Royal Cemetery Company established the first crematorium in Canada. On the mountain was placed there in 1643 by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve. The founder of the city, in fulfilment of a vow he made to the Virgin Mary.
To her to stop a disastrous flood. And now owned by the city. It was converted to fibre-optic.The new system can turn the lights red, blue, or purple, the last of which is used as a sign of mourning between the death of the Pope and the election of the next. "Lonely Planet Montreal Guide â Modern History". Is the local English pronunciation; in the rest of Canada, it tends to be. But the British and American pronunciation is. It is most common to omit the acute accent in English-language usage (Montreal), unless using a proper name where the context requires the use of the accent e. This is also the approach favoured by The Canadian Press Style Book ISBN 0-920009-32-8. According to The Canadian Style ISBN 1-55002-276-8.
263â4, the official style guide of the government of Canada, the name of the city is to be written with an accent in all government materials. "Mount Royal Park â Montreal's Mount Royal Park or Parc du Mont-Royal". "Population of census metropolitan areas". "Population by language spoken most often at home and age groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities) with 5,000-plus population â 20% sample data". "Table 22.4 Language spoken most often at home, by census metropolitan area, 2006".(official Canadian citizenship test study guide). "LIVING IN CANADA: MONTREAL, QUEBEC".
Abrams & Krochak â Canadian Immigration Lawyers. Participatory Democracy: Prospects for Democratizing Democracy.
Montreal; New York: Black Rose Books. Quote: Montreal "is second only to Paris as the largest primarily French-speaking city in the world". Kinshasa and Abidjan are sometimes said to rank ahead of Montreal as francophone cities, since they have larger populations and are in countries with French as the sole official language.
However, French is uncommon as a mother tongue there. According to Ethnologue, there were 17,500 mother-tongue speakers of French in the Ivory Coast as of 1988.
Approximately 10% of the population of Congo-Kinshasa knows French to some extent. "Montreal, Canada appointed a UNESCO City of Design". Wingrove, Josh (June 9, 2008). "Vancouver and Montreal among 25 most livable cities".
"City of Toronto, History Resources". "QS Best Student Cities 2015". "Place Royale and the Amerindian presence". Trigger, The Disappearance of the St. In The Children of Aataenstic: A History of the Huron People to 1660 , vol.
2, Montreal and London: Mcgill-Queen's University Press, 1976, pp. 214â218, accessed Feb 2, 2010. An historical analysis of the development of Montreal's architecture. "Alanis Obomsawin, Kanesatake: 270 Years of Resistance , National Film Board of Canada, 1993, accessed Jan 30, 2010". National Film Board of Canada."Lachine Canal National Historic Site of Canada". International Conference on Aquatic Invasive Species. "UNA-Canada: A Sense of Belonging". United Nations Association in Canada.
"Walking Tour of Old Montreal". "Internment Camps in Canada during the First and Second World Wars, Library and Archives Canada".Arnold, Kathy (June 3, 2008). "Montreal: a thrilling collision of cultures". "Grand Duchess Charlotte's US Good-Will-Tours". "THE EMERGENCE OF A MODERN CITY 1945â1960". Bowen, Arabella; John Shandy Watson (2001â2004).
The Ongoing Threat of Separatism. The Rough Guide to Montreal Rough Guides. "Climate: Montreal â Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table"."Canadian Climate Normals 1961â1990 Station Data". Extreme Weather: A Guide & Record Book. "Canadian Climate Normals 1981â2010 Station Data". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. "The International Design Alliance Settles in Montreal". Canadian Corporate News (CCNMatthews Newswire). Le cas du Plateau Mont-Royal (1998â2003). "Artists by neighbourhood in Canada". "The Growing Importance of the Container Trade for the Port of Montreal and the Accompanying Business Concentration; How to Diversify its Operational and Financial Risk". "Short History of Mount Royal". Les amis de la montagne. "The cemeteries of Mount Royal". Silverman, Craig (June 14, 2004). "The future of the Mount Royal cross". Self portrait of W H Bartlett, from the cover of his book Working A Canoe Up A Rapid. William Henry Bartlett (March 26, 1809 â September 13, 1854) was a British artist, best known for his numerous steel engravings. Bartlett was born in Kentish Town. He was apprenticed to John Britton. (1771â1857), and became one of the foremost illustrators of topography of his generation. He travelled throughout Britain, and in the mid and late 1840s he travelled extensively in the Balkans. He made four visits to North America between 1836 and 1852.
In 1835, Bartlett first visited the United States to draw the buildings, towns and scenery of the northeastern states. The finely detailed steel engravings Bartlett produced were published uncolored with a text by Nathaniel Parker Willis. As American Scenery; or Land, Lake, and River: Illustrations of Transatlantic Nature.American Scenery was published by George Virtue. In London in 30 monthly installments from 1837 to 1839. Bound editions of the work were published from 1840 onward. In 1838 Bartlett was in the Canadas producing sketches for Willis' Canadian scenery illustrated , published in 1842. Drawings the exact size to be engraved. His engraved views were widely copied by artists, but no signed oil painting by his hand is known. Engravings based on Bartlett's views were later used in his posthumous History of the United States of North America , continued by Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward.
Returning from his last trip to the Near East. Bartletts primary concern was to render "lively impressions of actual sights", as he wrote in the preface to The Nile Boat (London, 1849).Many views contain some ruin or element of the past including many scenes of churches, abbeys, cathedrals and castles, and Nathaniel Parker Willis described Bartlett's talent thus: "Bartlett could select his point of view so as to bring prominently into his sketch the castle or the cathedral, which history or antiquity had allowed". The Oxbow, Connecticut River, 1835. Interior of the house of a Christian. Tombs of the Kings (Jerusalem). Meeting of the Waters , Avoca River. Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Henry Bartlett. Bartlett Prints in the collection of the Niagara Falls Public Library Ont.
A finding aid to a New York State Library. Collection of copies of some of Bartlett's prints. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Works by William Henry Bartlett.Works by or about William Henry Bartlett. The item "VINTAGE LADY CLARE Wood Glass 21 x 15 Serving Tray QUEBEC MONTREAL ST LAWRENCE" is in sale since Thursday, December 19, 2019. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Souvenirs & Travel Memorabilia\International\Canada". The seller is "tedsclutch" and is located in Ada, Michigan.
This item can be shipped worldwide.